UNIT 114 PRESS & PHOTO JOURNALISM

Introduction to Unit

This unit will enable me to achieve an understanding of the processes and techniques associated with press photography. I will explore the characteristics of press photography, covering themes and applications such as social documentary and reportage. I will research the photographers and the contextual and cultural issues relating to different strands of editorial photography as well as issues of legislation, privacy and discussion on the ethics of these.

Through research I will identify the key factors and constraints that affect editorial work, and gain understanding that will inform my intentions. I will consider how to devise a strategy through which I can develop images that can complete in this ever increasing, demand led sector. Technical issues in camera and lenses I use will be balanced alongside the need to recognise what makes my images effective and attention grabbing.

I will have the potential to propose lines of enquiry and experimental approaches in meeting the outcomes in this unit.

Research into Press & Photojournalism

The first printed photojournalistic photos were interpreted as engraving, it's started in 1853 when the first known photojournalist started documenting the Crimean war was Carol Szathmar since this technique was very hard to master and take up a large amount of time surviving princess.

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Roger Fenton was a British photographer. His most famous photo called The Valley of the Shadow of Death (1855). This was also taken during the Crimean War and is a photo of the aftermath of a battle where remains of cannonballs are left scattered across the dirt road.

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Leica camera released In 1925 was revolutionary for photographers at this time and was a huge Leap Forward instead of having to carry huge heavy cameras that would take too long to set up they could easily carry one of these cameras that were a lot friendlier to use and allows the photographer to blend in more. 2 years in 1927 another huge leap revolutionizing photography was the first commercial flashbulb.

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The Great Depression

Definitely lives up to its name as being one of the greatest economic failure in history. Started in 1929 the stock market crashed which sent wall Street into a Downward Spiral which would have many effects on millions of people that lasted for 10 long years. This set the stage for journalistic photographers documentary the events of the Great Depression one of these photographers was named Dorothea Lange.

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Dorothea Lange

Is a journalistic photography who was born in 1895 in America. She is greatly known for her work during the Great Depression as she went to soup kitchens, workhouses and slums.

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Mère migrante Is one of the most famous photos that thing I did where a mother looking longingly into the distance trying to take care of her children whilst in a rundown dreadful shack. I think this sort of symbolises and depicts every mother's worst nightmare where she and her children are living out on the street trying to make ends meet.

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When it comes to price photography I think the photographer has to consider first and foremost what the subject is when they photograph 2 clearly define from Street photography to journalistic photography. What separates Street photography from journalistic photography is the meaning behind it where someone photographs a homeless person but does not Delve deep into the subject Ivor the juicing a series of photographs then it's normally classed as Street photography so I strongly believe that journalistic photographers first need to consider the subject of the matter and the message they want to get across.

Getting published today is a lot different to back in the day where you had to go into a news Press submit your work with an extract of what it about in a week or so you might see your work out there. Nowadays you can publish yourself on your own made website your own created newspaper or magazine. Self-publishing is huge these days with social media and being more connected than ever before allows thousands of people to see your work instantly, for example, years ago a refugee child washed up Dead on the shores and that image was all across the news outlets social media.

Overtime photographers ownership and rights to their own images have changed from who owns the image to who can use the image. Normally back in the day, it was simple you whoever took the image owned the image as well as the negatives nowadays it's a bit more conflict than that. Yes if you do take the picture you do own that image but nowadays with everything becoming digital people can easily plagiarise that image and use it for their own without permission. As well as now you have to take in consideration of where you photograph for example if you're out on public photographing people on the streets you can get away with it most of the time but say if you photograph the Eiffel Tower at night and used it to make money you could get sued. This is also familiar to if you go to Disneyland and photograph the famous Disney castle and try to use that image to cell Disney will sue you. Now you know that ownership over images and the rights to sell the image are a lot more complicated it used to be.

Visual Assignment 1 | Sport Photography

There are 4 major Styles when it comes to sports photography and these are what they are.

1. Sports Documentary Shot in a documentary style, this could be behind the scenes at a rugby match; training session before a match; dressing room images; player and backroom staff portraits; detail or supporting images surrounding the specific sport in question.

2. Sports Action Photography High quality action images that are tack sharp and show either ‘frozen’ or deliberately blurred action. A must for any sport specific image article – any sport.

3. Sports Lifestyle Images People enjoying sport, shot in a casual way. Lifestyle can be harder than you think. Scout for interesting and appropriate backgrounds; alter and adjust your perspective; capture exciting lifestyle images of all ages.

4. Sportsmen & Sportswomen Editorially shot, well-lit portraiture of sportsmen and sportswomen in a setting that gives an insight into their specialist sport.

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Research into Sports Lifestyle Photography

Sports Lifestyle Images People enjoying sport, shot in a casual way. Lifestyle can be harder than you think. Scout for interesting and appropriate backgrounds; alter and adjust your perspective; capture exciting lifestyle images of all ages.

I did a photoshoot in the Lake District


Visual Assignment 2 | Being Human

The Brief

What does ‘Being Human’ mean to you? The theatre of life exists all around, in every town or city all over the world. It is easily accessible to everyone but can be amongst the most challenging of areas of photography. It is the fear of the unknown that prevents many photographers from ever exploring life around them with a camera. This assignment will help you grow as an individual, and a photographer and will help to develop your technical, photojournalistic skills and aid the communication and aesthetic skills to produce visually stimulating and compelling imagery. The most satisfying of all is capturing a fleeting moment, when elements combine to produce what Henri CartierBresson called, ‘the decisive moment’.

The priority requirement is that the submitted photographs document the theme of ‘Being Human’ such as daily life, public space and our interaction with the space and its impact on our lives. ‘Being Human’ is to be the centre of our attention (even if not literally present in the image.) According to the usual convention of the genre of street and documentary photography we expect spontaneous images, combining unexpected elements, ‘the decisive moment’. The images do not need to be done on the street but anywhere in public space; park, market, beach, shop, public event, etc) The presentation of the final images is your choice whether digitally or traditionally printed; collated as part of a magazine layout or book design; or simply added to a portfolio gallery on your website. Your images can be based on the merits of a collection of single images or might be part of a themed collection.

Research into Photographers

Bruce Davidson


https://www.magnumphotos.com/arts-culture/society-arts-culture/bruce-davidson-subway/

Helen Levitt




https://mymodernmet.com/helen-levitt-subway-photography/

Andre Wagner




https://i-d.vice.com/en_us/article/59d838/striking-photographs-of-new-yorkers-on-the-subway

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Planning & Production

What tactics am I going to use for shooting on a train?

What equipment do I need?

How will I react if I am caught?

The benefits of getting in close?

My Outcomes

Assignment 3 | Get Published

The Brief:

During the second part of the second year of the HND it is important for you all to gain recognition for your images in the way of published material. For this particular unit, the local press is a good starting point for you to achieve published work/images. Southport has two paper based newspapers; The Champion and Southport Visitier and 2 online; On The Spot News & Southport GB. Your challenge is to ‘Get Published’ into the above publications or any others, whether this is online or paper based such as magazines, journals and newspapers.

You may have to contact the editor/picture editor of the publications to make correspondence and get familiar with uploading digital files in an appropriate format. The images that you hope to be published can be from current assignments or you may want to photograph new images from a local point of view or event. All ‘tear-sheets’ from paper based publications or screenshots of online publications will be used to evidence this task and added to your Wix website.